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Numerical Challenges occurs in SIMP based Topology Optimization

A) Checkerboard Pattern: a) Checkerboarding refers to the formation of alternate solid and void elements in the final topologically optimized structure and possesses artificial high stiffness to the numerical model. b) This issue is primarily due to the discretization error of the numerical FE model. c) It occurs mainly in those models which have been […]

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Mesh refinement in Topology Optimization

Mesh refinement or discretization is a fundamental step in finite element analysis. In finite element analysis, the refinement of mesh is done only in those areas that are of interest (eg: the region of high stress in the stress analysis) so that to obtain good accuracy with minimum computational efforts. However, in the context of […]

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Dolfin-x: An upgraded version of Dolfin

  FEniCSx is the new version of FEniCS that is currently actively developed. Dolfin-x is the computational environment of FEniCS and implements the FEniCS problem-solving environment in Python and C++. New features in Dolfin-x in addition to existing features of Dolfin include: Variational formulations with complex numbers support Support for quadrilateral and hexahedral elements Higher-order […]

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Different Topology optimization solvers used in Ansys

In Ansys commercial FE package, two topology optimization solvers are present based on the SIMP (Solid isotropic material with penalization) method. These solvers include Optimality Criteria (OC) and Sequential Convex Programming (SCP). Sequential Convex Programming: This method is an extension of the Method of Moving Asymptotes (MMA) solver. The MMA solver is a non-linear programming-based […]

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Built-in meshes in FEniCS

In FEniCS, we can either work with the inbuilt meshes or we can also import the mesh file generated in another pre-processing tool as a xdmf format. In order to create inbuilt meshes, firstly, dolfin module is imported as: Matplotlib library is used to display the mesh plots. The different types of inbuilt meshes in […]

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Boundary conditions in FEniCS

Boundary conditions (B.C.) are constraints necessary for the solution of a boundary value problem. A boundary value problem is a differential equation (or system of differential equations) to be solved in a domain on whose boundary a set of conditions is known. Boundary value problems are extremely important as they model a vast amount of […]

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Effects of volume fraction and filter radius

This blog post explains the significance of the volume fraction and filter radius in the Topology optimization (TO). Volume fraction (volfrac) Volume fraction is the fraction of the original volume that the geometry of the optimized structure will have. Since, weight reduction is the major goal and density of the material remains constant therefore volume […]

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Obtaining volume, centre of gravity and inertia matrix from STL file

In order to get the details about the volume, centre of gravity and inertia matrix from the STL file of the geometry, we use the numpy-stl python library. It is an efficient and simple library to make work with STL files. The installation of this library is done using command:pip install numpy-stlAfter installing this package, […]

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